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Obtain Georgian Citizenship

Obtain Georgian Citizenship

Foreign nationals who have been living lawfully in Georgia for a number of years can be granted Georgian citizenship, provided that they meet all the criteria in place for this status. Alternatively, individuals who are of Georgian descent, as well as those who were born in the country under certain conditions, may acquire citizenship.

 Quick Facts 
Minimum time in the country before applying for Georgian citizenship  10 years

Citizenship for investors 

Yes, under the residence permit for indefinite stay following investment. A separate citizenship application is required. 

Citizenship for children 

After 5 years, if refugee or stateless and born in Georgia 

Citizenship by descent Yes, our team in Georgia can give you details.
 Citizenship by adoption

Yes, if adopted by a Georgian citizen. 

Residence requirements for Georgian citizenship applications 

Lawfully resident for 10 years before application 

Minimum age for citizenship applications when you immigrate to Georgia 

18 years 

Citizenship for dependents who join the permit holder 


Citizenship for foreign nationals married to a Georgian citizen 

Under the simplified procedure, after residing uninterruptedly for 5 years 

Regaining citizenship 

– when terminated unlawfully,

– due to renunciation,

– when it was based on the parent’s decision 

Language knowledge for naturalization 


History/law knowledge for naturalization 

Yes, our immigration service team in Georgia can give you details.

Naturalization decision duration 

Approximately 3 months 

Loss of Georgian citizenship 

– when citizenship was acquired by presenting false documents,

– when joining the military/police/secret services of another country without permission from the Georgian authorities 

– other situations may also lead to the loss of citizenship

Dual citizenship allowed when you immigrate to Georgia Not usually, iy can be granted by the President in special cases 

Irrespective of the manner in which one wishes to apply for Georgian citizenship, it is advisable to seek specialized information and assistance if needed, particularly for those who fall under the categories that imply special conditions.

The application is submitted in person and our team of immigration specialists can help with complete information so that individuals who are interested in making this submission can present a complete file and increase their chances for obtaining the application approval. In this article, we highlight some of the main ways in which Georgian citizenship is determined. For personalized answers, please reach out to our agents.

Our team can also provide general information on the residence permit in Georgia.

If you qualify for citizenship (meaning that, in 2023 you will meet the requirements for having lived in the country for 10 years), our team will assist you during the application process. seeking specialized solutions is advisable because the application will involve the submission of several documents. When working with a local specialist, you make sure that your submitted file will be complete.

What are the conditions for Georgian citizenship by birth?

This is available to the following individuals:

  • one of the parents was a Georgian citizen at the time of the applicant’s birth;
  • was born in Georgian through surrogacy if the country of citizenship of the parents does not recognize the individual as a citizen;
  • was born in Georgian to parents who had the status of a stateless person in Georgia at the time of the applicant’s birth;
  • was born in Georgia to a parent who at the time of birth has the status of a stateless person in Georgia and the status of the other parent was unknown.

According to the rules set forth by the State Commission on Migration Issues, the following categories of citizens are also Georgian citizens:

  • individuals born before 31 March 1975 who have resided in the country for at least five years and were in the country by 21 March 1993; moreover, they did not acquire citizenship in another country;
  • those born after 31 March 1975 who lived in the country by 31 March 1993 and have not acquired citizenship in another country;
  • individuals born in the country, who left Georgia after 21 December 1991, provided that they are not citizens of another country.

Our team specializing in Georgian citizenship can give you more details about each of these situations.

What are the conditions for acquiring citizenship via the ordinary procedure?

This is a common manner to become a Georgian citizen for many foreign nationals from other countries who have lived in Georgia for some time. The initial type of visa they may have applied for could have been for employment or investment purposes and it was renewed accordingly.

The following requirements are in place for obtaining Georgian citizenship under the ordinary procedure:

  • minimum residence: the individual must have permanent residence, meaning that he resided in the country for at least 10 consecutive years; if you need details on renewing the residence permit, our team can assist;
  • language skills: he or she has adequate Georgian language skills, within certain limits;
  • basic knowledge: additional Georgian history and basic law principles are required when applying for citizenship;
  • means of living: the individual must show that he or she is employed, has opened a business, owns real estate, or holds interest or shares in a Georgian company.

A simplified procedure applies when the applicant has been married to a Georgian citizen and has been residing in the country uninterruptedly for 5 years prior to the application.

According to the United Nations, more than half of the immigrants in Georgia were born in Russia. Other official data, summarized in the 2019 Migration Profile highlight the following:

  • in 2018, 26% of the immigrants were Russian citizens;
  • 10% were Turkish nationals and 9% came from Azerbaijan;
  • 9% of the immigrants were from Iran and 7% from India.

The data for 2021 reveals the same trends, with most of the immigrants according to citizenship being from Russia (10,881 individuals, according to the Statistics Office).

Acquiring citizenship by naturalization is directly linked to the individual’s ability to maintain a valid residence permit in Georgia. Proof of having lawfully resided in the country for the minimum number of years is brought through such a valid document. If you have just moved to Georgia and have collected your first residence permit, our team will give you details about its renewal.

In order to apply for citizenship through naturalization in 2023, one would need to have been living in the country consecutively since 2013, in order to comply with the requirements.

Obtaining citizenship in Georgia by real estate

Foreign investors have the opportunity to obtain permanent Georgian citizenship. Specifically, the Georgia Law on Promotion and Guarantees of Investment Activity allows foreigners to obtain permanent residency if they invest at least USD 300,000 in certain areas of the Georgian economy.

There are two options for obtaining an Investment Residence Permit: by making a personal investment in real estate, or by investing in other areas of the Georgian economy.

If a foreigner chooses the real estate option, he/she must buy non-agricultural real estate in Georgia that costs more than USD 300,000, and an appraisal report must be prepared to confirm the property’s value. The Investment Residence Permit will initially be issued for 5 years, and if the property is not sold during that time, the applicant will be granted a permanent residence permit in Georgia.

Georgian citizenship by investment

An alternative way for foreign investors to obtain permanent citizenship in Georgia is by making an investment through a Georgian company. In this case, the applicant needs to incorporate a company in Georgia and invest at least USD 300,000 in the company, such as by buying real estate. An evaluation report is required to confirm that the investment amount exceeds USD 300,000, but there are no other specific requirements or conditions.

The Investment Georgian Residence Permit will initially be issued for 5 years, but the applicant must ensure that the company’s annual turnover exceeds certain minimum limits in order to be eligible for a permanent residence permit after 5 years. The minimum turnover requirements are USD 50,000 for the first year, USD 100,000 for the second year, and USD 120,000 for the third, fourth, and fifth years.

After 10 years of continuous, legal residency in Georgia, foreign investors may be eligible to apply for Georgian citizenship. They must meet certain conditions, such as knowing the local language, history, and customs, having married a Georgian citizen, being engaged in economic activities, or being considered important to the Georgian state and economy. The applicant’s spouse, minor children, and incapable dependents may apply for permanent residency, while children over 18 years old and parents may apply for temporary residency.

How to get citizenship in Georgia by marriage

Foreign nationals can obtain Georgian citizenship through marriage to a Georgian citizen. The process requires that the foreign national be in a relationship with a Georgian citizen and go through a proper marriage ceremony. It is important to have a marriage anniversary credential to prove the legality of the marriage.

If the foreign national has been in a continuous relationship with the Georgian citizen for five years, he/she may be eligible for Georgian citizenship by marriage. Additionally, if the couple has children, the application for citizenship will be given stronger consideration.

This is another option for obtaining citizenship in Georgia in addition to the options of buying property or making investments in the Georgian economy.

How is Georgian citizenship granted by way of exception?

This is available to foreign citizens who have made an exceptional contribution to the country. The President may also grant citizenship by exception to a foreign national based on state interests (under certain conditions). The aforementioned conditions for having Georgian language, basic law, and history skills also apply for citizenship by way of exception.

Dual citizenship in Georiga

To apply for dual citizenship in Georgia, a person must submit an application form addressed to the Georgian President, a copy of his/her birth certificate, a copy of the Georgian passport (if applicable), a copy of the foreign passport, and two passport-sized photos.

If the applicant has changed his/her name or surname, he/she must also provide additional documents, such as a copy of the marriage certificate or a document showing proof of the name or surname change. The applicant must also provide two recommendation letters from Georgian citizens and a Georgian oath of citizenship. If the applicant is a minor, parental consent is mandatory.

All documents must be submitted in Georgian or accompanied by a certified Georgian translation, and foreign documents must be apostilled unless otherwise requested by a Georgian international treaty or agreement.

Our team can give you more details on how citizenship can be acquired as well as how it may be restored to an individual. For example, Georgian citizenship may be restored to an individual whose citizenship was terminated unlawfully or when this took place based on the decision of his or her parents.

Applicants who are interested should note that the ordinary time for processing citizenship applications through naturalization is three months. Should the first application be rejected, a subsequent one can be made after one year.

Contact us for more information on obtaining Georgian citizenship in 2023. Our team will assist you if you have questions about your situation, how you can apply, and when you should submit your application.